Failure Mode and Effects Analysis, Explained In Detail

Customers put in a lot of faith while investing their money in a brand or organization. Lean Six Sigma Green Belt allows you to understand some of the key aspects of running a brand or organization smoothly.  It is absolutely necessary for a company to recognize its flaws and errors in the process, products, and services. Taking care of all such factors will ensure perfection in the delivery of products or services. Analyzing the defects comes in handy when the final product launches.

Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is a structured method to identify failure mode, determine the severity of the failure, cause of the failure, frequency of the failure, current controls in place, and efficiency of the controls. This enables us to evaluate current risks in the process and thereafter developing an action plan to mitigate the risks. Since it has become such an important factor, the need for doing a Lean Six Sigma certification has also increased.

FMEA is a structured and systematic process to identify potential design and process failures before they have a chance to occur with the ultimate objective of eliminating these failures or at least minimizing their occurrence or severity. FMEA helps in:

  • Identifying the areas and ways in which a process or system can fail (failure mode).
  • Estimating risks associated with specific causes.
  • Evaluating and documenting proposed process plans or current control plans. Fail.

A Failure mode is:

Everyone knows what failures are, hence they have a basic awareness about identifying such failures along the way. Failures are distinguished on the basis of their urgency. The whole purpose of FMEA is to reduce and eliminate these failures.

Here are the types of failure you can recognize as you go along:

  • The way in which the product, service, input, or process could-
  1. Fail to meet the requirements of the end-user.
  2. Cause downstream operations to fail.
  • Things that could go wrong:
  1. Total failure
  2. Partial failure (too much, too little, too fast, or too slow)
  3. Unintended results
  • Best to be started in terms of failing to perform a function.

Cause and Effect:

The second step of FMEA is finding out the causes and effects of such failures. Once you have figured out the risk itself, it becomes important to look for the source of risk. Also, it becomes necessary to determine what kind of effects it’s going to have on your business.

  • Effects are usually events that occur downstream that affect internal or external customers.
  • Root causes are the most basic causes within the process owners’ control. Causes are in the background; they are an input resulting in an effect.
  • Failures are what transform a cause into an effect; they are often unobservable.


Failure Mode and Effects Analysis is an integral part of the stable functioning of an organization. If you are an individual who wants to grow their skills as a professional or if you are an organization trying to build up your brand, then head straight to MindCypress. Contact our consultant to know more about Lean Six Sigma Green Belt online training.